What is an SSL Certificate? How to Take and Work?


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Online security is an issue that has become increasingly important in recent years. We try to keep our information on the internet safe, both individually and corporately. However, cyber attacks are increasing day by day. For this reason, all of the users have started to use systems with extra security measures, or at least let’s say they should. Information security is among the most sensitive issues of our age.

What is SSL?

This term, known as SSL certificate and translated into our language as “Secure Login Layer”, is one of the systems created for security purposes and we can say that it is the most popular. This system checks the accuracy of site addresses and provides data communication between two points via encrypted channels. Thus, when you log in to a site, the data exchange between the site and your device takes place through a private, encrypted channel. This essentially makes shopping safer. On sites with the required SSL certificate, only authorized persons can see the data exchanged between the user’s web browser and the site’s server.

Nowadays, this certificate is especially preferred by e-commerce sites. Although there are many reasons for this, the main purpose is that users give very sensitive information to these sites. Passing this information on to fraudsters through malicious software may cause many material and moral negative effects. It would be good for users’ own security to check whether the site has the necessary certificate before sharing their data when shopping from any site.

What is an SSL Certificate? How to Take and Work?

SSL certificate, a security protocol, has gained extra importance in recent years. With the increase in information sharing in the internet world, such security measures have come to the fore. To briefly remember what this certificate is; This system checks the accuracy of site addresses and provides data communication between two points through encrypted channels. Thus, when you log in to a site, the data exchange between the site and your device takes place through a private, encrypted channel.

In order for this protocol, which is supported by all common web servers and browsers, to work, a key (private key) is needed on the server side and a certificate (public key) on the client side. The protocol requires two keys to work. In fact, these are software coded in a virtual environment. Imagine putting something in a box and locking it with the key you have. You send the box to your friend and he has the same key as you. Only he can open it and see the things inside. In fact, this is exactly how an SSL certificate works. There are two keys and no one else can access this data.

After installing the SSL certificate, your key will be created automatically. This key stays on your server and the other key is sent to the people you want to connect with. Thus, a firewall is established during shopping.

When you want to get the certificate, there are many providers, just like other hosting services. You can obtain your certificate by choosing a reliable provider that suits you. The thing to consider at this point is to choose a certificate according to the nature of your website. You can choose Standard SSL for individual sites, Premium SSL for your corporate website, and Wildcard or EV SSL if you have an e-commerce site.

Why is SSL Certificate Important?

The importance of the SSL certificate is great, especially in terms of the security of user data. The certificate proves the reliability and security of a website. One of the worst situations that can happen to any user is having their personal or financial information stolen. This not only causes financial damage to users, but also undermines their sense of trust. An SSL certificate is an indispensable tool to prevent such situations.

An SSL certificate lets website visitors know their information is safe. When they enter the site, their browser checks the site’s SSL certificate and determines that it is secure. This increases your users’ trust in the site, thus helping you achieve more conversions and sales.

Is It Possible to Open a Website Without an SSL Certificate?

Yes, technically you can open a website without an SSL certificate. However, this makes it difficult to protect your users’ information and reduces trust in the site. An SSL certificate indicates that a website is secure and users’ information is safe.

A site without an SSL certificate does not encrypt user data and allows the data to be intercepted by third parties. Especially on sites such as e-commerce sites where sensitive information such as credit card information or personal information is transferred, user information may be at risk if there is no SSL certificate.

In addition, modern web browsers warn users who visit sites that do not have an SSL certificate. These warnings often scare users and direct them to leave the site, which can negatively impact the site’s traffic and reputation.

Google and other search engines list sites with SSL certificates higher. This puts the site in a better position in the search engine rankings, which means more traffic and potentially more business.

How to Install an SSL Certificate?

SSL certificate installation usually involves a few basic steps. First, you need to purchase a certificate from an SSL certificate provider. This certificate usually comes with a file called CSR (Certificate Signing Request).

Once you have this file, you need to upload it to your web hosting service. This is usually done through cPanel or another web hosting control panel. After installing it, you need to assign your SSL certificate to your website.

Once these steps are completed, your website now offers a secure connection over HTTPS. So, when users enter your site, their browser checks the site’s SSL certificate and determines that it is secure.

How Does the SSL Certificate Renewal Process Work?

SSL certificates are generally valid for one year. After this period, you must renew the certificate. The renewal process is generally similar to the installation process.

First, you need to purchase a new certificate from your current SSL certificate provider or another provider. Next, you retrieve the new CSR file and upload it to your web hosting service. You assign your new certificate to your website. This process ensures that your site remains secure at all times.

How to Update SSL Certificate?

Updating an SSL certificate generally involves the same process as renewing the certificate. You’ll need to purchase a new certificate, import the new CSR file, and upload it to your web hosting service. You then assign your new certificate to replace your old certificate.

In some cases, your SSL certificate provider may allow automatic renewal of the certificate. This makes the process even easier because you don’t have to manually purchase and install a new certificate. However, it is important to note that this option is not always available and so it is always a good idea to check this when the SSL certificate is close to expiring.


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